Knowing more about the good food and not so good foods

Lower-protein foods
  • Bread
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Pasta and rice
Higher-protein foods
  • Meat
  • Poultry
  • Fish
  • Eggs

Healthier fat or “good” fat is called unsaturated fat. Examples of unsaturated fat include:

  • Olive oil
  • Vegetable oils

Examples of saturated fats include:

  • Butter
  • Lard
  • Meats

How to limit sodium in your meal plan:

  • Do not add salt to your food when cooking or eating. Try cooking with fresh herbs, lemon juice or other salt-free spices.
  • Choose fresh or frozen vegetables instead of canned vegetables. If you do use canned vegetables, drain and rinse them to remove extra salt before cooking or eating them.
  • Avoid processed meats like ham, bacon, sausage and lunch meats.
  • Munch on fresh fruits and vegetables rather than crackers or other salty snacks.
  • Avoid canned soups and frozen dinners that are high in sodium.
  • Avoid pickled foods, like olives and pickled.
  • Limit high-sodium condiments like soy sauce, BBQ sauce and ketchup.

As your kidney disease gets worse, your doctor may recommend that you limit:

  • Potassium
  • Phosphorus
  • Fluids


Eat this ... (lower-potassium foods)
  • Apples, cranberries, grapes, pineapples and strawberries
  • Cauliflower, onions, peppers, radishes, summer and zucchini squash, lettuce
  • Pita, tortillas and white breads
  • Beef and chicken, white rice
Rather than ... (higher-potassium foods)
  • Avocados, bananas, melons, oranges, prunes and raisins
  • Artichokes, kale, plantains, spinach, potatos and tomatoes
  • Bran products and granola
  • Beans (baked, black, pinto, etc.), brown or wild rice


Eat this ... (lower-phosphorous foods)
  • Corn or rice cereals and cream of wheat
  • Unsalted popcorn
  • Some light-coloured sodas and lemonade

Rather than ... (higher-phosphorous foods)
  • Whole-grain bread
  • Bran cereals and oatmeal
  • Nuts and sunflower seeds
  • Dark-coloured colas

Fluid Restriction

Ask your doctor or dietitian if you need to limit fluids.

If you do need to limit fluids, measure your fluids and drink from small cups to help you keep track of how much you’ve had to drink. Limit sodium to help cut down on thirst. At times, you may still feel thirsty. To help quench your thirst, you might try to:

  • Chew gum
  • Rinse your mouth
  • Suck on a piece of ice, mints or hard candy (Remember to pick sugar-free candy if you have diabetes.)

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